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Learn English : pronouns

PRONOUNS

KATA GANTI

There are several types of pronouns : subjuctive, objective, possesive objective, and possesive pronouns.

Ada beberapa tipe pronouns yakni : subjective, objective , dan possesive objective, serta possesive pronouns.

Read the following table and the following explanation.

Subjective

Objective

Possessive Adjective

Possesive Pronoun

I

Me

My

Mine

You

You

Your

Yours

He

Him

His

His

She

Her

Her

Hers

We

Us

Our

Ours

They

Them

Their

Theirs

It

It

Its

Its

 

1.      Subjective Pronouns

Subjective pronouns are the subject of sentence

Subjective pronoun adalah subjek dari kalimat.

Example:

-          I have three Cat

-          He studies in the elementary school

-          We love Indonesia

2.      Objective Pronouns

Objective pronouns are the objects of a sentence.

Object pronouns adalah objek dari kalimat.

Example:

-          The runs the family bussiness seriously. Customer like them very much.

-          The fur of the cat is soft. We like to stroke It.

-          My sister is good student. Her campus gave her scholarship.

3.      Possesive adjective

Possesive adjective are words that indicate possesion and use with nouns.

Possesive adjective adalah kata- kata yang mengindikasikan kepemilikan. Dan di ikuti oleh nouns.

This is my book. Kata “ my “ menerangkan kata benda book.

Mariza is beautiful girl . jadi kata beautiful menerangkan kata benda girl. Sehingga kata ‘ my “ dan kata “ beautiful” kedua- duanya adalah sebagai kata sifat atau “ adjective”.

Example:

-          They frequently come here. This park is their  favorite place.

-          I have pen pal. My pen pal is very kind.

-          She loves reading books. Her books are in that cupboard.

4.      Possessive pronouns also show possesion but possesive pronouns are not followed by nouns.

Possessve pronoun juga menunjukkan kepemilikan tetapi possessive pronoun tidak diikuti oleh nouns.

Example:

-          This is my book. This book is mine

“this book is mine”, sebenarnya  kalimat ini berasal dari  “this book is my book “.

Oleh karena kita selalu menghindari pemakaian kata yang sama secara berulang, maka kata my book digantikan kata mine yang berfungsi sebagai “kata ganti benda” atau “ pronoun”. Oleh karena kata “ mine” juga menunjukkan “ kepunyaan” maka disebut pula sebagai :” possesive pronoun” atau “ kata ganti empunya”.

-          This car is my car

This car is mine

Jadi kata “mine” adalah kata ganti dari kata “ my car”

-          his school is far from here. His is far.

-          Our plan has many alternatives. Ours has many alternatives.

5.      Possesive dengan menggunakan ‘s ( apostrophe = koma di atas + s ) yang diletkkan pemilik bendanya.

Contoh : Rani’s book.

Tetapi jika pemilik benda berakhiran “s”, maka tinggal menambahkan apotrophe atau koma diatas saja.

Contoh : Lilis’ cellphone

Example:

Ø  This is the book of Rani

This is Rani’s book

Ø  That is  the cellphone of Lilis

That is Lilis’ Cellphone

Nah, setelah kita sudah memahami tentang pronouns, yuk kita latihan soal dibawah ini :

Fill in the blanks with the right pronouns.

1.      sofia told ... ( I, me, my , mine ) that you would like to have more pen pals from Netherlands.

2.      The cat licks ... ( its, It ) many times, and it seems to enjoy doing ... ( it, Its ).

3.      Alia and all... ( she, her, hers ) friends are kind.

4.      The teacher tells ... ( we, our, ours, us ) to make friends with students from English speaking countries so that ... ( we, our, us, ours ) can improve English.

5.      My friends and I often spend long holiday in our hometowns, ... ( we, our, ours ) keep in touch via E-mail and What'sapp.

6.      He told me about his family and I told ... ( I, my, mine, me ).

7.      He is very diligent and loves reading. He always brings book in ... ( he, his ) bag.

8.      I am going to wash ... ( I, my , me, mine )

9.      ... ( we, our, ours, us ) can climb Bromo Mountain together on July.

10.  ... ( they, their, them, theirs ) told me that they sent e-mail to each other everday.

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