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LEARN ENGLISH : PARTS OF THE SONG AND FIGURE OF SPEECH ELEMENTS IN THE SONGp

SONGS

Song is a lyric poem which is written to be set to music either in vocal performance or to be accompanied in musical instruments. A song is a part of literature which is close to people. The following is the structure of a song.

1.      Title

Is usually the theme of the song. It means that the title leads listeners to the lyrics of the song.

Judul adalah tema dari lagu. Artinya judul mengarahkan pendengar kepada lirik lagu.

 

2.      Introduction

Short musical instrument based on the melody of the song verse or the chorus.

Instrumen musik singkat berdasarkan melodi lagu atau chorus

 

3.      Verse

Is part of a song which tells the story.

Bagian dari lagu yang menceritakan kisah

 

4.      Pre – chorus

Is part of a song which is different melodically and lyrically from the verse build up to the chorus. It is aso known as climb. However, some songs may not have pre- chorus.

Adalah bagian dari lagu yang berbeda secara melodi dan lirik dari syair yang dibangun hingga chorus. Biasanya dikenal juga sebagai pendakian. Namun, beberapa lagu mungkin tidak memiliki pre-chorus.

 

5.      Chorus

Is part of the song which becomes a big identifier of the song. It is the well known part in a song which listeners remember to sing along with.

Adalah bagian dari lagu yang menjadi pengenal lagu. Yang terkenal dalam sebuah lagu yang diingat pendengar untuk dinyanyikan bersama. 

 

6.      Bridge

Is part of a song which different melodically, lyrically, and rhythmically from the verse and chorus. It is usually shorter than the verse and every song may not have a bridge.

Adalah bagian dari sebuah lagu yang berbeda secara melodi, lirik, dan ritmis dari syair dan paduan suara. Biasanya lebih pendek dari ayat dan setiap lagu mungkin tidak memiliki penghubung.

 

7.      Coda

Is part of a song which brings it to the close. Coda comes from an italian word which means tail.

Adalah bagian dari lagu yang menuju akhir ( lagu ). Coda berasal dari kata italia yang berarti ekor.  

Below are the elements of figure of speech elements which mostly appear in the songs, which are :

Dibawah ini adalah elemen – elemen kiasan yang sebagian besar muncul pada lagu, yaitu :

1.      Metaphor

Is a comparison of two things by stating that one is another. For example: my mom is my angel.

Adalah perbandingn antara dua hal dengan menyamakan satu dengan yang lainnya. Contonya : Ibuku dalah malaikatku

 

2.      Simile

Is a comparison of two things using the word like or as for example: mom is like an angel

Adalah perbandingan antara dua hal dalam penggunaan kata seperti atau sebagaimana . Contohnya : Ibuku seperti malaikat.

 

3.      Hyperbole

Is a form of irony in which something is described as much more than it actually is. It is literary exaggeration designed to make a point. For example: he is as heavy as a hill.

Adalah bentuk ironi yang menggambarkan sesuatu lebih dari yang sebenarnya. Membesar – besarkan dalam sastra didesain untuk menjelaskan suatu hal. Contohnya : Dia seberat Bukit.

 

4.      Personification

Is the giving of human characteristics to inanimate objects. For example: the sunflowers nodded in the wind.

Adalah pemberian karakteristik manusia yang tidak terkandung pada benda. Contoh : Bunga matahari mengangguk tertiup angin.

 

5.      Allusion

Is a brief reference to a person, place or event which will be known by the reader. For example, that you were Romeo, you were throwing pebbles, and my daddy said stay away from Juliet.

Adalah referensi singkat kepada seseorang, tempat atau peristiwa yang akan diketahui oleh pembaca. Misalnya : kamu adalah Romeo, kamu melempar kerikil, dan ayahku berkata menjauhlah dari Juliet.

 

6.      Onomatopoeia

Is the use of sounds that are similar to the noise they represent for a rhetorical or artistic effect. For example, she knocked the door.

Knock ... knock.. knock.. knock

Adalah penggunaan suara yang miripdengan kebisingan yang di wakillinya sebagai efek retoris atau artistik. Misalnya : Dia mengetuk pintu.

Tok.... tok... tok ... tok...

 

Read the song below !

Hero by Mariah Carey

 


If you look inside your heart

You don't have to be afraid

Of what you are

There’s an answer

If you reach into your soul

And the sorrow that you know

Will melt away

( chorus )

And then a hero comes a long

With the strength to carry on

And you cast your fears afraid

And you know you can survive

So you feel like hope is gone

Look inside you and be strong

And you ‘ll finally see the truth

That a hero lies in you

 

It’s a long road

When you face the world alone

No one reaches out a hand

For you to hold

You can find love

If you search within yourself

And the emptiness you felt

Will disappear

 

( chorus )

And then a hero comes a long

With the strength to carry on

And you cast your fears afraid

And you know you can survive

So you feel like hope is gone

Look inside you and be strong

And you ‘ll finally see the truth

That a hero lies in you

 

The lord knows

Dreams are hard to follow

But don’t let anyone

Tear them away

Hold on

There will be tomorrow

In time

You’ll find the way

 

( chorus )

And then a hero comes a long

With the strength to carry on

And you cast your fears afraid

And you know you can survive

So you feel like hope is gone

Look inside you and be strong

And you ‘ll finally see the truth

That a hero lies in you

 

 


Discussion questions for Hero

1.      Translate the song into Bahasa Indonesia!.

2.      What is the song “ Hero “ about ?.

3.      According to the song “ Hero “, what make a Hero ?

4.      Who is your hero?. Why ?

5.      How does this song make you feel ?

 


Diambil dari LKS SMK Bahasa Inggris penerbit CV Bina Pustaka dan Buku Paket Kurtilas Bahasa Inggris kelas XI


 

 

 

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