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Learn English : Narrative Text

NARRATIVE TEXT

Narrative text is a text which retells the story in the past. The social function of narrative text is to entertain or to amuse readers. There are some kinds of narrative text, which are fables, folktales, myths, legends, fantastic stories, and historical stories.

Teks naratif adalah teks yang menceritakan cerita masa lalu. Tujuan dari teks ini adalah hiburan atau menghibur pembaca. Ada beberapa jenis dari teks naratif yakni : fabel, dongeng, mitos, legenda, cerita fantasi dan cerita sejarah.

Generic structure of Narrative texts

1.      Orientation

It is the introduction of the paragraph. It introduce the characters and established the settings. It is usually began with one upon time and one day.

Orientation

Adalah paragrap perkenalan.memperkenalkan karakter dan tempat. Biasanya diawali dengan one upon time ( pada jaman dahulu kala ) atau one day ( suatu hari ).

 

2.      Complication

It is a series events with happened to the characters. The events are usually problems and conflicts. Complication is the main part of narrative text because it will determine whether the text is live or not. If the text is live, it will trigger the curiosity of the readers to the other events in the text. Also, It will arrise the emotion of the reader.

Complication

Rangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi pada tokoh – tokohnya. Peristiwa ini biasanya masalah atau konflik. Complication merupakan bagian utama pada teks naratif karena itu yang akan menentukan apakah teks tersebut hidup atau tidak. Jika teks itu hidup, hal inilah yang akan memicu keingintahuan pembaca untuk ke peristiwa berikutnya dalam teks tersebut, dan juga dapat menimbulkan emosi pembaca.

 

3.      Resolution

it tells how the conflicts and problems are resolved. It is the ending of the text.

Some narrative texts may have evaluation and some are not. Evaluation is the moral message that we get from the text.

Resolution

Menjelaskan bagaimana konflik dan masalah diselesaikan. Akhir dari teks.

Beberapa teks Naratif  mempunyai evaluation dan beberapa tidak. Evaluation adalah pesan moral yang kita peroleh dari teks tersebut.

 

Linguistic features of Narrative texts

1.      it is usually told in the first person point of view ( I ) or third person point of view ( he/ she )

2.      it uses specific participant which is usually the main character of the story. Examples : Cinderella. Snow white, etc.

3.      It uses simple  past tense. Example:Lived, walked ,yelled etc

4.      It uses saying verb, Example: Answered, said, etc

5.      It uses action verbs, Example : tie, hit, moved, walked, etc

6.      It uses thinking verb, Example : think, believe, remember, know, etc

7.      It uses time conjunctions. Example: after, Before, ketika, While, untile, suddenly, etc

Linguistic features of Narrative texts

1.      Biasanya diceritakan menggunakan sudut pandang orang pertama ( saya ) tau sudut pandang orang ketiga ( dia atau beliau )

2.      Menggunakan spesifik tokoh biasanya tokoh utama dari cerita contohnya : Cinderella, snow white, etc.

3.      Menggunakan simple past tense contoh : lived, walked, yelled, dll

4.      Menggunakan saying verb contoh: jawab, berkata, dll

5.      Menggunakan action verb .

6.      Menggunakan thingking verb contoh : berpikir, percaya, mengingat, mengetahui, dll

7.      Menggnakan kata penghubung waktu contoh : setelah, sebelum,ketka, sampai, tiba – tiba dll

 

Read the text below!

 

Roro Jongrang

Orientation

Once upon time, there was a kingdom named Prambanan. The people lived peacefully. However, their happy lives were disturbed by pengging Kingdom. The king of Pengging Kingdom is Bandung Bondowoso. He wanted to accupy Prambanan. He was a bad king.

Complication

The war between Prambanan and pengging could not be avoided. Prambanan lost the war and led by the new king, bandung Bondowoso. Prambanan could not win the war because Bandung Bondowoso had a Supernatural power. His soldiers were not only humans but also genies. Those creatures obeyed Bandung Bondowoso. They did whatever Bandung Bondowoso asked them to do. The king of Prambanan had a beautiful daughter. Her name was Roro Jonggrang. Bandung Bondowoso fell in love with her and he wanted to marry her.

“If you want to marry e, you have to build a thousand of temples in one night”, said Roro Jonggrang. She hated bandun Bondowoso because he made the people of prambanan suffered. “What ?, Impossible!. You just gave me an excuse to not marrying you!”, Said Bandung Bondowoso. However, he did not give up. He asked the genies to help him.

The all those genies worked hard to build the 1,000 temples. Meanwhile, roro jonggrang heard that the 1,000 temples were almost finished.

She was so scared. She didn't not want to marry bandung Bondowoso. Ten she had a great idea. She asked all the ladies to help her.

“Please prepare a lot of straw and mortar. Come on! Hurry Up”!, said Roro Jonggrang. All those were confused. They did not know why roro Jonggrang asked to prepare a lot of straw and mortar in the middle of night.

Listen, all those genies are buildng the temples, right?, we have to stop them by burning the straw and to make some noise by pounding the mortar. The genies will think that he sun is going to rise rose. They did not know the light was form the fire that burning the straw. The noise from pounding the mortar was like the start of a new day.

Resolution

Bandung Bondowoso was angry. He knew roro Jonggrang just tricked him. “You cannot fool me Roro Jonggrang, I already have 999 temples. I just need one more temple. Now, I will make you the one - thousandth temple’, said Bandung Bondowoso. With his supernatural power, bandung Bondowoso made Roro Jonggrang a temple. Until now, the temple is still standing in Prambanan area, Central Java. Te temple is name Roro Jonggrang temple.

 

Linguistic features

1.      it is usually told in the first person point of view ( I ) or third person point of view ( he/ she )

2.      it uses specific participant which is usually the main character of the story. Examples : Roro Jongrang, bandung Bondowoso

3.      It uses simple  past tense. Example:Lived, disturbed ,tricked etc

4.      It uses saying verb, Example: Answered, said, askedetc

5.      It uses action verbs, Example : worked, made, build, etc

6.      It uses thinking verb, Example : thought,hated, confused, knew, etc

7.      It uses time conjuctions. Example: after, Before,While, until, suddenly, etc

 

Source : Indonesian travel stories.com and LKs bahasa Inggris kelas x peerbit cv Bina pustaka

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